A swelling in the neck may be due to an enlarged thyroid gland. A Swollen thyroid is more common in women as compared to men in view of the fact that women develop thyroid enlargement during pregnancy and menopause. As a point of fact, a thyroid gland regulates many metabolic processes such as growth as well as energy use. Common disorders of the thyroid gland are Hashimoto’s disease and Graves’s diseases, whereas the common problems include hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Consequently, the thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones, which help the chemical processes that occur in the body. Therefore, the size of the goiter varies from person to person whereby in most instances the small swelling does not cause any symptoms. However, in more severe cases, the swelling can increase considerably and affect breathing as well as swallowing.
Hashimoto’s disease well known as lymphatic thyroids is the common cause of hypothyroidism, which occur at any stage but commonly in middle-aged women. This disease occurs when the immune system is attacked and slowly destroys the thyroid gland, thus weakening the ability to produce hormones. The symptoms of this disease include:
- Dry skin
- Dry, thin hair
- Enlarged thyroid
- Heavy and irregular menstruation
Any type of thyroid disorder requires testing the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone. Given that Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disorder, a blood test is essential to show abnormal antibodies that might be attacking the thyroid. Additionally, hormone-replacing medication is repeatedly used to raise thyroid hormone levels, which is essential towards relieving the symptoms of the disease.
Graves’ disease is the universal cause of hyperthyroidism, which is an autoimmune disorder that occurs when the body’s immune system misguidedly attacks the thyroid gland. For instance, this causes the gland to overproduce the hormone responsible for modifiable metabolism. As a point of fact, this disease is hereditary and may develop at any age in both men and women. The widespread symptom of this disease includes:
- Increased or irregular heartbeat
- Hand tremors
- Excessive sweating
- Bulging eyes and vision problems
- Difficulty sleeping
Surgery can be applied in order to remove the thyroid gland, which is one of the best ways of treating the disease. Additionally, the use of anti-thyroid medications to avert the thyroid from producing the extreme amount of hormone is essential.
For instance, it is evident that the most frequent cause of goiter globally is an iodine deficit in the diet. Places in the world where foods are rich in iodine, the people staying there are more likely to have thyroid disorders. Goiter can affect anyone at any age.
In conclusion, swollen thyroid is usually treated when it becomes severe which is associated with a highly treatable thyroid disorder. However, they can cause serious complications if they are left untreated whereby these impediments can include complexity in breathing as well as swallowing. Therefore, a vulnerable person develops Graves’ disease in view of the fact that one or more factors that generate off thyroid overactivity. As thyroid principle increases, more thyroid hormones are on the rampage into the blood stream, thus producing the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.