The thyroid and depression are very closely associated. It’s always with great probability that the latter is caused by a malfunction of the former. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that performs several hormonal functions that play vital roles in the body of a living organism. Depression is an illness that causes someone to change their thoughts, behavior, feelings and routine. When this happens, the affected persons display such behavior. Depression can be caused by the underproduction of the thyroid hormone and. It also borders the oesophagus and carotid sheath. It extends to the sixth ring of the trachea the thyroid gland is located at anterior side of the neck region. It borders both the larynx.
The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland. Such are the gland tasked with the duty of producing certain hormones. In this case, the thyroid gland produces thyroid hormone which is synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum. This requires the presence of dietary iodine which when absent or inadequate, hinders production of thyroid hormone the major ones thyroxin (tetra iodothyronine) and triiodothyronine. These hormones regulate growth and rate of functions of other body systems by regulating metabolism, protein synthesis, and bone elongation. Thyroid hormone, leads to the production of body heat in humans. The principle function of the thyroxine hormone is to stimulate addition of iodine to the amino acid thyroxin. The condition where under-secretion occurs in the body is known as hyperthyroidism. The low secretion is known as hypothyroidism.
So how exactly do these hormones play a role in causing depression? Hypothyroidism is the one of the major causes this is because low amounts of thyroid hormone to a level of inadequacy have a direct impact on one’s body metabolism causing depression. Hythyroidism is another cause where the individual who is affected experiences high body temperatures lack of sleep, higher heart rate, palpitations, loss of libido, nausea vomiting and diarrhea. Depression is a psychiatric disorder. It makes an individual behave in a manner that he/she usually doesn’t . This could be: Isolation, a feeling of sadness, lack of appetite, restlessness, a feeling of fatigue, loss of interest in activities one used to do, lack of sleep, insomnia, low self-esteem , feeling worthless or even thinking of attempting suicide. In some cases there is unusual weight gain with no net change in diet or lifestyle. Showing the thyroid and depression are directly connected. The number of people who suffer from depression is reported to have been on a rise.
Most of the people sometimes hardly realize they suffer from depression until they see a doctor and get tested. People should however be careful not to confuse moodiness reactions brought about by anger with depression which is confirmed through testing and requires actual medication.
It’s however noted that most of the patients wait for too long to seek medical attention until the case becomes extreme. It should be noted however that depression is majorly experienced in the first world countries where individuals are at a higher risk of falling victims to the serious disease.