When it comes to thyroid nodules treatment, the approach taken will depend upon the manner in which the thyroid nodules affect you. In those cases nodules where the nodules are not cancerous (proving largely harmless), your doctor will first observe them closely before making any major decisions; however in situations where they are presenting complications, proper medication possibly even surgery will prove essential. When dealing with benign nodules, antithyroid medicine as well as radioactive iodine might prove to be your best bet, especially in those cases where the ailment in question is caused by hyperthyroidism (where the thyroid gland is producing more hormones than is required).
Surgery is only encouraged as a last resort and only in those situations where the nodules have grown to such a size that they have begun to attract problems such as labored breathing and swallowing. Surgery will also prove necessary in cases where the nodules become cancerous. Cancerous nodes will have to be removed (though, once the surgery is completed, the use of radioactive iodine will become necessary if only to obliterate remnant cancer cells that might be causing problems). There are situations that might require one to have their entire thyroid gland removed. IN such rare cases, the patient will have to take thyroid hormone medicine until they die.
There is a process to be followed when it comes to discovering thyroid nodules and undertaking treatment; before any decisions can be taken, a doctor must make some observations to determine the danger the nodules pose. This could take up to 12 months during which the doctor will scrutinize the nodules for any noteworthy changes in size. Nodules that are not cancerous will typically shrink without further treatment or remain the same in size. Surgery is only ever undertaken as a last resort to either remove part or all of the thyroid gland (though only when the nodule is so big that it obstructs the processes of breathing and swallowing).
Radioactive Iodine typically comes into play when one is dealing with none cancerous nodules that are producing more thyroid hormones than could be considered safe. Radioactive iodine is not encouraged for pregnant women, however, with surgery often proving the safer option in such situations. The presence of multiple nodules can also prompt the use of radioactive iodine, especially when surgery is rendered impossible by pre-existing health conditions. While radioactive iodine is expected to shrink troublesome nodules, they can remerge once one stops the treatment.
Thyroid nodules treatment requires persistence; as such patients of the ailment are encouraged to faithfully consume all thyroid hormone medication as prescribed by a medical professional. One is also encouraged to have their blood checked regularly to ensure that their thyroid hormone levels are within reason. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism such as profuse sweating, a drastic loss of weight and hypertension should compel one to immediately seek the assistance of a medical professional. This is especially important after one completes their treatment. Hyperthyroidism has been known to emerge with a vengeance after treatment with radioactive iodine. And if not dealt with, the symptoms can elicit all manner of health complications.