Hypothyroidism In Dog
Thyroid problems in dogs or what is commonly known as hypothyroidism is a common disease that affects dogs of all breeds regardless of where they are. This is as a result of the thyroid glands which have very numerous functions but the most common one being the regulation of metabolisms that is as a result of the thyroid hormones produced. So, in the event of less thyroid hormone production then the result is what is reffered to as hypothyroidism. The result is a variety of signs and symptoms that range from obesity, hair loss, weight gain trouble as well as problems of the skin.
Knowing what causes this problem, you first need to understand how the thyroid glands work. Hypothyroidism occurs when the production of thyroid hormones is less than that which is required by the dog. This can be the result of the dog’s immune system destroying the thyroid gland cells. Also, if the thyroid tissue is infiltrated by fat or in the event of cancer, then this also can cause hypothyroidism in dogs. The use of some medication too on the dog as well as some associated diseases can be the cause of this disease but most, if not all cases of hypothyroidism occur as the direct result of the destruction of the thyroid glands.
Dogs that range in between the ages of 4 to 10 years are mostly the affected ones. Small breeds of dogs like the Chihuahua is rarely affected by this disease but medium sized dogs to large dogs like the German Sheppard are the most affected. The most affected breeds of dogs include the Cocker Spaniel, Doberman Pinscher, Daschund, Golden Retriever, Irish Setter, Miniature Schnauzer and the Airedale Terrier. In terms of the sexes of the dogs, this does not really matter but it has been noted to appear more in females that are spayed than females that are intact.
The symptoms of hypothyroidism are not specific and vary a lot usually. But when these symptoms are combined together, the vet can get a more clear picture of what is really going on. As this disease affects the metabolism of the dogs body, therefore it’s not hard for a vet to spot the symptoms to effect the cure. This are signs like hair loss, obesity, high blood cholesterol, mental dullness that is sometimes reffered to as lethargy and slow heart rate among others. This symptoms have been noted in most dogs that have been found to have this disease.
Fortunately, thyroid problems in dogs is treatable so you need not worry much about your dog. There is a drug that is used for this and this depends on the severity of the disease already in the dog. But when the dog has been placed under this medication, the symptoms will gradually fade away and your dog will be back to normal in no time. The bad side to his is that once the treatment has commenced, then this procedure is lifelong meaning the dog will forever be under medication.